The Type 5 Sonata

James Hepokoski and Warren Darcy

in Elements of Sonata Theory

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780195146400
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199850983 | DOI:
The Type 5 Sonata

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In a Type 5 sonata the initial solo entry is a dramatically charged moment: the orchestra hands over the beginning of the task to the soloist, who will be spotlighted in most of what follows; and the soloist is expected to respond to what the Ritornello 1 has already made concrete. There are two options that a soloist can use, and a good example of the first option is in Mozart's concertos' first-level-default procedure, wherein the Ritornello 1 comes to a full close with a final caesura and the soloist enters by sounding the opening of the R1:\P theme in the tonic. In this kind of concept the soloist announces themself by accepting the initial idea of the Ritornello 1. The other option of the soloist is to enter with new material, preceding the onset of R1:\P with links, bridges, and prefaces.

Keywords: orchestra; soloist; concertos; bridges; prefaces; links; caesura; option

Chapter.  28409 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis

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