Chapter

On-line Monitoring of Public Health Surveillance Data

Peter Diggle, Leo Knorr-Held, Barry Rowlingson, Ting-Li Su, Peter Hawtin and Trevor N. Bryant

in Monitoring the Health of Populations

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9780195146493
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864928 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0009
On-line Monitoring of Public Health Surveillance Data

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The Ascertainment and Enhancement of Gastrointestinal Infection Surveillance and Statistics (AEGISS) project aims to use spatial statistical methods to identify anomalies in the space-time distribution of nonspecific, gastrointestinal infections in the United Kingdom, using the Southampton area in southern England as a test case. This chapter uses the AEGISS project to discuss the methodologic issues in developing a rapid-response, spatial surveillance system. It considers simple, exploratory statistical methods together with more sophisticated methods, based on hierarchical space-time stochastic process models defined either at individual or small-area levels.

Keywords: AEGISS; public health monitoring; surveillance system; data collection; United Kingdom

Chapter.  10006 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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