Chapter

Some Considerations in Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Public Health Surveillance Data

Andrew B. Lawson

in Monitoring the Health of Populations

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9780195146493
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864928 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0011
Some Considerations in Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Public Health Surveillance Data

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This chapter deals with the development and use of statistical methods for geographic disease surveillance. The second section discusses some ideas that are commonly used in statistical process control (SPC) and considers their relevance to disease surveillance. The third section addresses the three areas to which the study of the distribution of disease can be applied: disease mapping, disease clustering, and ecological analysis. The fourth section presents models for spatial surveillance of disease maps and considers disease clustering. The fifth section describes monitoring in a fixed time period and in an evolving time frame. The sixth section reviews disease surveillance modeling and presents a simple example of a spatial temporal disease map analysis. Finally the software available for spatial temporal map surveillance is described.

Keywords: geographic disease surveillance; public health monitoring; statistical process control; disease incidence

Chapter.  8259 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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