Chapter

Measuring Results, Measuring the Soul: Science and the Spirit

Cristopher D. Ringwald

in The Soul of Recovery

Published in print June 2002 | ISBN: 9780195147681
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849338 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147681.003.0005
Measuring Results, Measuring the Soul: Science and the Spirit

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The term “addiction” is associated with different meanings depending on context. The change of the meaning of the causes of addiction from a moral failing to a brain disease has caused people to rely on certain pharmaceutical agents that would possible put an end to cravings on drugs, alcohol, and other such addictive substances. Additionally, people started associating addictive behavior with neurophysiologicalogic reinforcement since scientists believed that there exists a “reward pathway” that involved neurons in the ventral segmental area inserted into the forebrain or the cortex. This chapter accounts for the scientific aspect of addiction treatment and compares this with the idea of introducing spirituality to patients.

Keywords: addiction; moral failing; brain disease; neurophysiological reinforcement; pharmaceutical agent; reward pathway; neurons

Chapter.  11899 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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