There are around fifty mosques and Islamic organizations across Norway, two-thirds of which are in the Oslo area. Most of the immigrants coming from the third world are Muslims, and “immigrant” has almost become synonymous with “Muslim”. The rapid establishment of mosques and the increase in their membership gained the media's attention in the first half of the 1990s. Public statistics showed that the number of members more than doubled in five years, from 19,200 members in 1990 to 40,500 in 1995. The Norwegian government's funding of religious communities gives a unique overview of mosque membership. According to the law pertaining to religious communities, all such communities receive funding per member. Today, as many as 70% of the Muslim population are members of a mosque. This high level of organization, however, is limited to Sunni Muslims.
Keywords: mosques; Islamic organizations; Norway; immigrants; Muslims
Chapter. 7033 words.
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