Chapter

The First Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco: Science and the State in the New Age of Chronic Disease

Allan M. Brandt

in Silent Victories

Published in print December 2006 | ISBN: 9780195150698
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865185 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.21
 The First Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco: Science and the State in the New Age of Chronic Disease

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The Surgeon General's Report of 1964 marks a watershed in the history of public health. Following its publication, both the science and the practice of public health were visibly transformed. This chapter traces the clinical and epidemiological progress in knowledge about smoking and health harm, and the institutional history of the Report. In establishing cigarette smoking as the preeminent public health issue of the second half of the 20th century, the federal government established new responsibilities and authority for science and health in the consumer culture. Surgeons General since have used the authority of their office to shape the policy context of subsequent tobacco regulation.

Keywords: smoking; cigarettes; Luther Terry; Surgeon General's Report; lung cancer; heart disease; Tobacco Industry Research Committee; Leroy E. Burney; US Public Health Service; statistical association

Chapter.  9887 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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