Confounding and Its Control

Thomas D. Koepsell and Noel S. Weiss

in Epidemiologic Methods

Published in print January 2004 | ISBN: 9780195150780
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865161 | DOI:
 Confounding and Its Control

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Confounding occurs in epidemiologic research when the measured association between an exposure and disease occurrence is distorted by an imbalance between exposed and non-exposed persons with regard to one or more other risk factors for the disease. This chapter describes what confounding is, how it is assessed, and how it can be controlled. Exercises are provided at the end of the chapter.

Keywords: epidemiology; epidemiological research; confounding; association

Chapter.  11958 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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