Chapter

Wage Poverty, Earned Income Inequality, and Health

S. V. SUBRAMANIAN and ICHIRO KAWACHI

in Global Inequalities at Work

Published in print September 2003 | ISBN: 9780195150865
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865222 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150865.003.007
 Wage Poverty, Earned Income Inequality, and Health

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This chapter reviews the evidence on international trends in income and earnings inequalities, their causes, and their potential consequences for population health. It first discusses the concept of income inequality and argues for the need to adopt a global perspective on this issue. It then describes trends in world income distribution and reviews the different explanations that have been advanced to account for growing earnings differentials, focusing on the United States as a case example. The chapter concludes by discussing the evidence that has linked income inequality to population health, research on the social costs of economic disparities, and the implications of the available evidence regarding the world's rising income inequality, especially as it relates to health issues.

Keywords: income inequality; income distribution; United States; population health

Chapter.  10539 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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