Chapter

Work and Health in Export Industries at National Borders

CATALINA A. DENMAN, LEONOR CEDILLO and SIOBÁN D. HARLOW

in Global Inequalities at Work

Published in print September 2003 | ISBN: 9780195150865
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865222 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150865.003.010
 Work and Health in Export Industries at National Borders

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Export processing zones have been used around the world as a popular neoliberal economic liberalization strategy intended to enhance the position of developing countries in the world market in an era of globalization. In Mexico, this led to the development of the maquiladora export industry, which has been characterized by a high proportion of female employees. This chapter summarizes the currently available quantitative knowledge about Mexican maquiladora workers' health status while illustrating the gaps in knowledge that remain. The chapter concludes by highlighting critical public health concerns that are relevant to other countries that depend on export production as a cornerstone of their development strategies, and discussing policy recommendations for reducing maquiladora workers' health risks.

Keywords: export processing zones; Mexico; maquiladoras; health; policy

Chapter.  14854 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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