Chapter

“Twelve Gates to the City” (1943–1944)

Jerry Zolten

in Great God Aʼmighty! The Dixie Hummingbirds

Published in print February 2003 | ISBN: 9780195152722
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849536 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152722.003.0004
                   “Twelve Gates to the City” (1943–1944)

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Starting in the 1940s, war rationing restricted the consumption of gasoline and automobile tires, and in September of 1942, the American Federation of Musicians imposed on its members a “300-mile jump limit,” the distance traveled between performance sites. Moreover, the “wildcatting” that had been such an adventure in their earlier days was wearing the Hummingbirds down. They were coming to terms with the idea that radical changes would have to be made. The solution lay to the north. The Dixie Hummingbirds would first move to Washington, D.C., and then to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Keywords: Dixie Hummingbirds; gospel music; wildcatting; Washington; Philadelphia

Chapter.  14617 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: American Music

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