Varieties of False Memory

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print May 2005 | ISBN: 9780195154054
Published online January 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780199868384 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Psychology Series

 Varieties of False Memory

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This chapter describes nine modern paradigms, in their approximate order of historical appearance in the literature, and sketches some false-memory effects that are identified with each. List recall, list recognition, eyewitness memory, and false identification among others are discussed. These paradigms account for the great bulk of accumulated findings about false memory. The chapter concludes with a short integrative analysis of the nine paradigms. Their key similarities and differences are noted, and the paradigms are arranged along a dimension of relative suggestiveness.

Keywords: false-memory effects; list recall; list recognition; semantic inferences; eyewitness memory; false identification; reality monitoring; reasoning

Chapter.  16404 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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