Controlling False Memories with Opponent Processes

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print May 2005 | ISBN: 9780195154054
Published online January 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780199868384 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Psychology Series

 Controlling False Memories with Opponent Processes

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This chapter discusses false memory research in children. With children, it is not possible to make confident predictions using opponent-processes distinctions without making assumptions about ontogenetic trends in those processes. The assumptions supported by available research are discussed, followed by predictive control of the storage, retrieval, and forgetting stages of information processing. It is shown that age changes in verbatim memory and gist memory introduce an important new consideration into predictive control: developmental interactions. When a memory task is sensitive to underlying age variability, a manipulation that is known to have specific effects on the levels of false memory exhibited by adults or adolescents may have larger, smaller, or even opposite effects on the corresponding levels of false memory in children.

Keywords: children; false memory; opponent-processes; verbatim memory; gist memory; developmental interactions

Chapter.  28380 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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