Chapter

Conclusions to Part I

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780195154061
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199786718 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0007

Series: Oxford Series in Cognitive Development

 Conclusions to Part I

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Children display evidence for two elements of essentialism: treating certain categories as richly structured kinds and assuming that some as-yet-undefined causal placeholder is responsible for the structure of such categories. This chapter examines four central issues: which categorical domains are essentialized; whether essentializing of living kinds is biological, on either a naive-biological or correct-biological construal; the role of statistical information in essentialist reasoning; and what individual essentialism is and how it compares to kind essentialism.

Keywords: kind essentialism; children; child psychology; categories; reasoning; statistical information; individual essentialism

Chapter.  7454 words. 

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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