Beth L. Glixon and Jonathan E. Glixon

in Inventing the Business of Opera

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195154160
Published online May 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780199868483 | DOI:

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This chapter looks at one of the impresario's chief responsibilities, the recruiting and hiring of suitable singers. Impresarios drew on complex networks built up with some of the leading families throughout Italy, including the Medici in Florence and the Marquis Bentivoglio of Ferrara; various agents as well as diplomats in cities such as Rome, Turin, and Vienna were also called into service. During the mid-17th century, singers of many types looked towards opera as a way of earning extra income. Most of the male singers, whether castrati or not, were also active as church or court singers. Many of the leading prima donnas were recruited from Rome with increasingly high salaries. In some cases, the impresarios and singers (such as Anna Renzi) drew up detailed contracts in order to protect both parties. The complex negotiations necessary to recruit the best singers are described in a case study concerning the highest paid singer at the time in Venice, Giulia Masotti.

Keywords: contracts; protector; recruiting; castrati; prima donna; salaries; Medici; Anna Renzi; Giulia Masotti

Chapter.  23852 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Musicology and Music History

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