Motivational Interviewing


in Building Strengths and Skills

Published in print September 2004 | ISBN: 9780195154306
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864287 | DOI:
 Motivational Interviewing

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This chapter provides an overview of motivational interviewing, which is a client-centered and collaborative, yet directive approach for working with a person's intrinsic motivation to change. Originally formulated for the treatment of alcohol use disorders, motivational interviewing — a brief treatment model (one to four sessions) — has now been applied to many problem areas. Several guiding principles underlie the techniques of motivational interviewing: expressing empathy, developing discrepancy, rolling with resistance, supporting self-efficacy, and developing a change plan. These principles are enacted through the following techniques: listening reflectively/demonstrating empathy, eliciting self-motivational statements strategies to handle resistance, and enacting a decisional balance.

Keywords: stages of change; motivation; ambivalence; resistance; decisional balance; treatment model

Chapter.  6188 words. 

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