Chapter

The Principles of Governing in Islam From the Speech of [Abu Bakr] al-Siddiq

Abd al-Hamid Ibn Badis

in Modernist Islam, 1840-1940

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9780195154672
Published online November 2007 |
 The Principles of Governing in Islam From the Speech of [Abu Bakr] al-Siddiq

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Abd al-Hamid Ibn Badis (Algeria, 18891940) was an Islamic reformer, nationalist leader, and founder of the Association of Algerian Scholars. Ibn Badis was born in Constantine, Algeria, to a prominent Berber family and received religious education. In 1908, he joined the Zaytuna mosque in Tunis, where he was exposed to the reformist ideas of Sayyid Jamal al-Din Afghani (chapter 11) and Muhammad Abduh (chapter 3). After graduation, Ibn Badis returned to Algeria in 1913 to devote his career to Islamic reform, education, and nationalism. In response to the alienating policies of the French and the Francophile tendencies of the Algerian volus (assimilationists), Ibn Badis formulated a program that asserted the Arab and Islamic identity of Algerians, stressed Arabic and Islamic education, and prepared Algerians for independence from the French. In addition, he proposed a modernist interpretation of the Qur'an that attributed the decline of Islamic society to mystical practices, intellectual stagnation, disunity, and political despotism. Ibn Badis articulated his views in several books and in his newspapers al-Muntaqid (The Critic) and al-Shihab (The Meteor). In 1931, he established the Association of Algerian Scholars to promote Algerian identity and Islamic reform and to combat the Sufi orders and the assimilationists. The Association opened hundreds of free Arabic and Qur'anic schools, advocated cultural and social reform, and combated practices that it viewed as corrupt. The article presented here reflects Ibn Badis's nonconventional response to the abolition of the Ottoman caliphate, which he held responsible for the repression and injustice of Muslim societies.1

Chapter.  1679 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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