Chapter

The Intellectual Movement in the Sudan: Which Direction Should It Take?

Muhammad Ahmad Mahjub

in Modernist Islam, 1840-1940

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9780195154672
Published online November 2007 |
 The Intellectual Movement in the Sudan: Which Direction Should It Take?

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Muhammad Ahmad Mahjub (Sudan, 19081976) was a lawyer, judge, poet, anticolonial activist, and politician. Trained in colonial schools, he participated as a young man in the Sudanese intellectual reform movement that came to be known by the name of its journal, al-Fajr (The Dawn), founded in 1934. Mahjub and others in this movement sought to build a modern Sudanese identity by downplaying the sectarian and regional distinctions that divided the colony. This identity, as Mahjub argued in the essay translated here, was affiliated closely with the Arab Islamic world, notwithstanding the large number of non- Muslim non-Arabs in the south of the colony. In the 1940s and 1950s, Mahjub pushed to radicalize the Sudanese nationalist movement and helped write the Sudan's constitution and declaration of independence. Over the following two decades, he was by turns a top government official and a political prisoner, as democratic governments were succeeded by military ones. His final imprisonment and exile followed two terms as prime minister. Known as the Boss, Mahjub left a political legacy that included repression of leftists and southerners, in addition to fervent defense of democracy.1

Chapter.  3598 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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