Chapter

Ibn Taymiyya

Rizaeddin bin Fakhreddin

in Modernist Islam, 1840-1940

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9780195154672
Published online November 2007 |
 Ibn Taymiyya

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Rizaeddin bin Fakhreddin (Tatarstan, 18581936) was a leading figure of the Tatar renaissance. Born in a village in Samara, Fakhreddin did not study in Bukhara, as other leading religious scholars of the era did. Instead, he pursued his studies within Tatarstan, becoming a member of the Muslim Religious Board, the Sobranie, in his early 30s. He turned to journalism in 1906, publishing the longest-lived Tatar journal of the era, Shura(Council). Fakhreddin then returned to clerical activities in 1921, serving as mufti (religious leader) of the European region of Russia until his death in 1936though never praising the Soviet regime that allowed him to hold this position. Fakhreddin was a prolific author. Using the archives of the Muslim Religious Board, he wrote a two-volume history of Tatar scholars that remains the best source on the subject. He also wrote tracts on the condition of the Muslims of Russia; pedagogical works on students, women, men, and family; and biographies of numerous famous figures, including the modernist Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (chapter 11) and various medieval scholars. The present selection, the conclusion to Fakhreddin's biography of Ibn Taymiyya (12631328), links medieval religious reform with contemporary modernist goals. According to Fakhreddin, the rise and decline of nations are closely connected with the strength of their belief systems. The renaissance of the Muslim world, he argues, requires the removal of superstitions that have corrupted Muslim belief, and a return to the beliefs of the early Muslims.1

Chapter.  3848 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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