Chapter

Asian Dawn

Hadji Agus Salim

in Modernist Islam, 1840-1940

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9780195154672
Published online November 2007 |
 Asian Dawn

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Hadji Agus Salim (Sumatra-Java, 18841954) was a Muslim political activist, journalist, and intellectual. He was born in a state functionary's family, attended Dutch colonial schools, and was one of a few Indonesians to graduate from the technical school in Batavia. He worked with the Dutch consulate in Arabia for a time assisting stranded pilgrims and acting as a point of contact with Indonesian students studying there. Afterward he joined the Sarekat Islam (Islamic Association) political movement, serving as one of its primary leaders for twenty-five years, even representing it in the Dutch-run People's Council. He was an important journalist, and also sponsored the Jong Islamieten Bond (Young Muslims Union), an organization for Indonesian students in Dutch schools to learn and discuss Islamic teachings, which produced a generation of leaders for Muslim organizations. After independence in 1945, he was a cabinet member in the first Indonesian cabinet. Salim's writing centered on the political issues of the day, particularly the shortcomings of Dutch colonialism, the threat of communism, and the dangers of nationalism not based on Islam. He was an important spokesman for Islamic nationalism and attempted to promote Islamic unity within Indonesia and throughout the world. In the selections presented here, two newspaper articles, Salim described his movement's modernist reforms and criticized the Dutch for running a colonial system lacking the democratic process and human rights that were observed in the Netherlands itself.1

Chapter.  3142 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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