Conclusion: From Mundane War to Holy War

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780195154948
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849239 | DOI:
Conclusion: From Mundane War to Holy War

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This chapter summarizes earlier findings and situates them in the historical context by linking the development of the Islamic holy war idea with changes in the social structure and the worldview of the new Muslim community. The transition from the mundane (or materially-driven) fighting in pre-Islamic Arabia to the sacred, divinely sanctioned warring of Islam occurred during a short period. It was the period following the Hijra in 622 C.E. that the sense of personal identity of Muḥammad and his followers came increasingly to be felt in religious rather than kinship affiliations. It was this transference in conjunction with the growth in solidarity engendered by a severed outside threat, particularly the history of conflict between Meccans and early Muslims, which allowed the possibility of war based on a religious kinship.

Keywords: Islamic holy war; Umma; Meccans; early Muslims; religious kinship; Hijra; raiding; Medinans

Chapter.  3566 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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