Chapter

The Reign of Peter the Great

Nicholas V. Riasanovsky

in Russian Identities

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9780195156508
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199868230 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156508.003.0005
The Reign of Peter the Great

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This chapter discusses the momentous reign of Peter the Great and its impact and influence on Russian intellectual life and culture. It explains that the dominant European intellectual climate of the “Enlightenment,” or “Age of Reason” fit Peter the Great's character, orientation, and ambitions. It adds that his optimistic belief in reason, in the possibility and feasibility of reasonable solutions to human problems, ranging from technical matters of administration, economics, or finance to the broader issues of the nature of a genuine education, or of an ideal society and polity, constituted the leading inspiration of the age. It describes Peter the Great as an absolute ruler in theory and in practice. It tells of the reorganization of the Church in Russia—a long-lasting, logical, and integral part of Peter the Great's effort to modernize and even Westernize Russia.

Keywords: Peter the Great; Enlightenment; Age of Reason; reorganization of the Church; Westernization; modernization

Chapter.  7368 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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