Chapter

The Reign of Nicholas I, 1825–1855, and the New Intellectual Climate

Nicholas V. Riasanovsky

in Russian Identities

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9780195156508
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199868230 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156508.003.0008
The Reign of Nicholas I, 1825–1855, and the New Intellectual Climate

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This chapter views the reign of Nicholas I as a period of continuation and change of his older brother's (Alexander I) reign. It discusses that his reorganization of state peasants can be considered as having a rather significant contribution to the kind of partial improvement in peasant life inaugurated by such measures of Alexander I as the law concerning the free agriculturists. The chpater describes Nicholas I as a new sovereign who displayed determination, singleness of purpose, and iron will. It tells how he married a Prussian princess and developed close ties with his wife's family. It explains that the government's ideology, known as the Official Nationality, was proclaimed in 1823 by the new minister of education, Sergei Uvarov, who quoted that all education in Russia must be conducted in the joint spirit of Orthodoxy, autocracy, and nationality. It explains that Romanticism and idealistic philosophy also penetrated Russia.

Keywords: Nicholas I; state peasants; Prussia; Official Nationality; Sergei Uvarov; Romanticism; idealistic philosophy; Decembrists

Chapter.  18649 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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