Book

Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

K. Warner Schaie

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780195156737
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199786817 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.001.0001

Series: OX PSYCH SERIES

Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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This book lays out the reasons why we should study cognitive development in adulthood, and presents the history, latest data, and results from the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS), which now extends to over forty-five years. The SLS is organized around five questions: does intelligence change uniformly throughout adulthood, or are there different life-course-ability patterns? At what age and at what magnitude can decrement in ability be reliably detected? What are the patterns and magnitude of generational differences? What accounts for individual differences in age-related change in adulthood? Can the intellectual decline that increases with age be reversed by educational intervention? Based on work on the SLS, this book presents a conceptual model. The model represents this book's author's view on the factors that influence cognitive development throughout the human lifespan, and provides a rationale for the various influences that have been investigated — genetic factors, early and current family environment, life styles, the experience of chronic disease, and various personality attributes. The data in this volume include the 1998 longitudinal cycle of the SLS. In light of both new data and revised analyses, psychometric and neuropsychological assessments have been linked in long-term data to aid in the early identification of risk for dementia in later life. The book also presents new data and concludes on the impact of personality on cognition. It includes correlation matrices and web-access information for select data sets.

Keywords: cognitive development; Seattle Longitudinal Study; psychometric assessment; neuropsychological assessment; dementia; personality; disease; genetics; correlation matrices

Book.  506 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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Table of Contents

Introduction and Preview in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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Methodological Issues in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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The Database in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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Cross-Sectional Studies in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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Longitudinal Studies in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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Studies of Cohort and Period Differences in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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Intervention Studies in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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Methodological Studies in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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The Relationship Between Cognitive Styles and Intellectual Functioning in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

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