Chapter

Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780195156737
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199786817 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0010
 Health and Maintenance of Intellectual Functioning

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This chapter discusses the effects of health on the maintenance of intellectual functioning, the role of health behaviors, the effects of cognitive abilities as predictors of physical health, mortality, and medication use, as well as the role of perceptions of social support on health. A series of studies is described that relates the role of disease and intellectual functioning in the Seattle Longitudinal Study. The first study implicated cardiovascular disease as associated with earlier onset of decline of intellectual functioning. The second study, concerned with the structural relationship between disease processes and maintenance of intellectual functioning, also implicated cardiovascular and musculoskeletal conditions as leading to excess risk for cognitive decline.

Keywords: Seattle Longitudinal Study; intellectual functioning; health; cognitive abilities; physical health; mortality; diseases; cognitive decline

Chapter.  14502 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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