Chapter

Subjective Perceptions of Cognitive Change

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780195156737
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199786817 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0015
 Subjective Perceptions of Cognitive Change

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This chapter examines the accuracy of adults' perceptions with regard to an issue that is of increasing concern with age: whether our intellectual abilities are actually declining. These concerns were investigated by evaluating the accuracy of participants' assessment of intellectual change over seven years. Subjective report of performance change was compared with actual observed change over seven years. The seven-year retrospective data were replicated for a second seven-year period in 1991 and the stability of the congruence types identified in this study over a fourteen-year period was investigated. Judgments of short-term change after repeated testing and training interventions spanning a four-week period for three different training occasions were also evaluated.

Keywords: Seattle Longitudinal Study; cognitive changes; subjective perceptions; intellectual abilities; cognitive decline; primary mental abilities; congruence types

Chapter.  9198 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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