The Neural Basis of Age-Related Declines in Prospective Memory

West Robert

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging

Published in print December 2004 | ISBN: 9780195156744
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864171 | DOI:
 							The Neural Basis of Age-Related Declines in Prospective Memory

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This chapter has three main goals: (1) to provide an overview of current models of prospective memory within the context of the cognitive aging literature; (2) to provide a review of findings related to the neural basis of prospective memory; and (3) to examine the neural basis of age-related declines in prospective memory. It shows that the formation and realization of intentions are supported by a distributed neural network that involves structures within the frontal and parietal cortices, the medial temporal lobe, and the thalamus. Different neural structures are associated with distinct cognitive processes. Age-related declines in prospective memory result from a decrease in the efficiency with which older adults form intentions and a reduced ability on the part of older adults to attentionally modulate the neural structures that support the detection of prospective cues.

Keywords: cognitive aging; memory decline; aging; intentions; older adults

Chapter.  8638 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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