Chapter

The Cold War Hits Home

Jonathan M. Schoenwald

in A Time for Choosing

Published in print August 2002 | ISBN: 9780195157260
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849390 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157260.003.0003
The Cold War Hits Home

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The nature of anticommunism and the state of conservatism were called into question at the end of the 1950s. Developments between 1957 and 1961 convinced some Americans that not only were communists and liberals making gains but that American institutions often aided and abetted the enemy's cause. It was in such an explosive atmosphere that the Supreme Court and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev acted as flint and tinder, igniting a political brush fire that resisted repeated dousings, which grew until the entire nation took note. “Red Monday” is the day that referred to the three decisions handed down by the Court. By the end of the 1950s, the Cold War confrontation between American and Soviet diplomacy had reached new heights, with the rivalry extending to cultural, scientific, and economic arenas. The Masters of Deceit by J. Edgar Hoover is discussed. After more than four years of assaults on conservative ideology in America, optimistic individuals became keystones and leaders in a burgeoning movement.

Keywords: Cold War; anticommunism; conservatism; Supreme Court; Nikita Khrushchev; America; J. Edgar Hoover

Chapter.  12920 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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