Chapter

Patterns of Victimization

Rami Benbenishty and Ron Avi Astor

in School Violence in Context

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780195157802
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864393 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157802.003.0004
 Patterns of Victimization

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This chapter explores two aspects of the patterns of school victimization: firstly how the various acts of violence rank order (in terms of their frequencies), and secondly what their factor structure is. Comparisons are made in these patterns between Israel and the United States and between groups of students within these samples. Key findings include: (1) rank orders of the frequencies of violent acts, reflects the axis of the severity and seriousness of pain caused by the violent act. Overall patterns are extremely similar across gender, ethnicity/culture, school types (primary, junior-high, high school), and within and between countries; (2) victimization types fit into two major factors: those that are rare and severe, and those that are more common with less severe outcomes. These factors are very similar across all groups.

Keywords: rank-order; factor structure; severe; moderate; age; gender; cross-cultural

Chapter.  5399 words. 

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