Chapter

The Influence of Within-School Context on the Subjective Experience of Victimization: Safety, Violence as a Problem, and School Nonattendence Due to Fear

Rami Benbenishty and Ron Avi Astor

in School Violence in Context

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780195157802
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864393 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157802.003.0008
 The Influence of Within-School Context on the Subjective Experience of Victimization: Safety, Violence as a Problem, and School Nonattendence Due to Fear

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This chapter presents structural equation models of how school context variables (risky peer behaviors, school policies, teachers' support and student participation) combined with victimization lead to different kinds of students' subjective interpretations about their school: assessment of the severity of school violence, missing school due to fear, and a sense of safety. Key findings and implications include: (1) the amount of variance explained for the subjective assessment by within school variables alone is quite high; (2) different subjective interpretive outcomes are influenced by different types of victimization and school variables; (3) students' views of their school violence problem are influenced mainly by the risky peer behaviors and the response of the school staff to violent events; (4) non-attendance due to fear is influenced mainly by personal experiences with severe events of peer-violence; (5) a sense of safety is influenced mainly by a positive school climate; and (6) these patterns are true for all school levels studied and across ethnicity and gender.

Keywords: school violence; school climate; fear; safety; severity; structural equation models

Chapter.  6239 words.  Illustrated.

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