Chapter

The African Slave Trade, 1842 to 1862

Don E. Fehrenbacher and Ward M. McAfee

in The Slaveholding Republic

Published in print December 2002 | ISBN: 9780195158052
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849475 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158052.003.0006
The African Slave Trade, 1842 to 1862

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There is no evidence of Abel P. Upshur giving anything beyond perfunctory attention to the problem of the slave trade. Only after months of delay did he appoint Matthew C. Perry to command the African squadron, and it was in August of 1843 when Perry arrived off Cape Mesurado, where he had cruised with the Shark twenty two years earlier. Upshur's instructions made it plain that the squadron's primary assignment was the protection of American commerce. Upshur put together an African squadron consisting of one frigate, two sloops-of-war, and one brigantine, only the last of which measured less than 500 tons. The squadron mounted a total of eighty-two guns and thus met the terms of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, but scarcely in a way calculated to maximize the American effort against the slave trade.

Keywords: Abel P. Upshur; slave trade; Matthew C. Perry; squadron; Cape Mesurado; Webster-Ashburton Treaty

Chapter.  14125 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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