Desires, Intentions, and Reasons for Action

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason

Published in print November 2002 | ISBN: 9780195158427
Published online January 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199871407 | DOI:
 Desires, Intentions, and Reasons for Action

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With practical reason, as with theoretical reason, there is an important difference between reasons that are in some sense basic and those based on further reasons. Beliefs, actions, and desires can all be rational on the basis of rational elements that “transmit” rationality to them. This chapter addresses the following questions: what sorts of relationships hold between desires that are, for the agent, basic, as a desire to maintain good health might be, and desires based on those, such as the desire to swim? And how might desires, taken together with beliefs, justify actions?

Keywords: practical reason; beliefs; rational action; justification; desires

Chapter.  13087 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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