Chapter

Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (I)

T. Kue Young

in Population Health

Second edition

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9780195158540
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864379 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0002
Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (I)

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This chapter presents key mathematical concepts of ratio, proportion, and rate and basic epidemiologic measures of incidence and prevalence and their subtypes; describes the structure of populations and how they change through fertility and mortality; demonstrates how to compare occurrence of health events in populations differing in composition such as age structure, including the use of standardization; and reviews the concepts of demographic and health transitions that populations undergo.

Keywords: incidence; prevalence; mortality; fertility; age pyramid; population aging; infant mortality; life expectancy; health transition; demographic transition

Chapter.  15824 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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