Chapter

Interests and Motivational Development

Paul J. Silvia

in Exploring the Psychology of Interest

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780195158557
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199786824 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158557.003.0006

Series: Psychology of Human Motivation

 Interests and Motivational Development

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Where do people's idiosyncratic hobbies and interests come from? This chapter reviews how, across the history of psychology, people have explained the development of interests. The emergence of enduring interests is an example of motivational development. Three broad kinds of theories are identified. One group of theories proposes that interests come from a source of intrinsic motivation, such as a curiosity instinct (William McDougall) or feelings of curiosity and interest (Silvan Tomkins, Manfred Prenzel). A second group of theories proposes that interests come from extrinsic motivational sources. Examples include John Dewey's model of intrinsic and extrinsic interest, and Gordon Allport's functional autonomy principle. A third group of theories proposes that interests are offshoots of deeper motives and needs, such as psychodynamic drives (Sigmund Freud), unfulfilled needs (Anne Roe), or physiological drives (Clark Hull). The chapter considers some abstract similarities and differences between these diverse theories.

Keywords: hobbies; motivation; history of psychology; Sigmund Freud; Gordon Allport; Clark Hull; John Dewey; William McDougall

Chapter.  6563 words. 

Subjects: Neuropsychology

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