Chapter

Introduction

Norman Birnbaum

in After Progress

Published in print July 2002 | ISBN: 9780195158595
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849352 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158595.003.0001
Introduction

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The end of the Second World War brought a renewal of the conflict between democratic socialism and Stalinism, mainly in the form of the integration of the Western socialist and social democratic parties in the Western bloc. That bloc was organized and led by the United States in precisely the period in which we had a limited social contract, our own equivalent of social democracy. The postwar integration of the Western socialists in capitalism did have a large positive result: the development of a welfare model of capitalism, quite distinct from the absolute sovereignty of the market. Before examining some of the present dilemmas of the socialist movement, this chapter inquires into the movement's history. Wrong turnings were taken, false ideas unscrutinized, major errors treated as indispensable assumptions. This book attempts to identify all these.

Keywords: conflict; socialism; Stalinism; United States; socialists; capitalism; sovereignty

Chapter.  9430 words. 

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