Chapter

Contending Versions of Socialism

Norman Birnbaum

in After Progress

Published in print July 2002 | ISBN: 9780195158595
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849352 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158595.003.0006
Contending Versions of Socialism

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There is no single pattern of relationship between intellectuals and the socialist movement. Apart from the fact that many 20th-century intellectuals elected the movements and values of the right, the very category of intellectual as commonly employed is abusively general. Intellectuals may be found at some distance from the ordinary processes of politics and production, particularly in the cultural market place. They may be closer to the actual mechanics of the economy and politics or deeply involved in these. Closeness and distance are not themselves alone compelling indices of influence. The educational traditions of socialism, the socialist movement's early ambition to democratize high culture and form fuller human beings, could be pursued in this setting only with very great difficulty.

Keywords: intellectuals; socialist movement; economy; politics; socialism

Chapter.  17956 words. 

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