Zaibei Doho

Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780195159400
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199788545 | DOI:
 Zaibei Doho

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This chapter deals with the impact of American racism on the Issei, which contributed to the development of a distinct racial identity among them in relation to other borderland residents. This process occurred at the level of their daily struggle as a racial(ized) minority — self-consciously identified as “the Japanese in America [zaibei doho]” — on the basis of shared interests in and concerns with power relations in the American West. Examining the critical linkages between white exclusionist politics and immigrant counterstruggles, the chapter explores the grassroots level of community formation, which coincided with the partial consolidation of immigrant leadership during the first two decades of the twentieth century.

Keywords: American racism; Japanese immigrants; Issei; anti-Japanese movement; community formation; immigrant leadership

Chapter.  10547 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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