Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780195159400
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199788545 | DOI:

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This chapter explores the wartime and post-war phases of Japanese American history. The Pacific War led to the demise of transnational immigrant history. The collective world view that inspired Issei to search for a pioneer past and strive for a better future vanished with the collapse of the Japanese settlement communities and industries in the American West — tangible markers of racial development. The post-war phase of Japanese American history diverged from the Issei's original designs. Under the War Relocation Authority (WRA) policy, the leadership of the community fell into the hands of the second generation, notably senior members of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL). Along the line of the WRA-JACL collaboration, integration into mainstream society, rather than racial development, became the central concern of the ethnic community in the wake of internment.

Keywords: Japanese Americans; immigrants; history; transnationalism; racism; World War II; Issei; integration

Chapter.  3356 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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