Chapter

Basal Ganglia

CHARLES J. WILSON

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Fifth edition

Published in print January 2004 | ISBN: 9780195159561
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864447 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0009
 Basal Ganglia

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The basal ganglia are a richly interconnected set of brain nuclei found in the forebrain and midbrain of mammals, birds, and reptiles. In many species, including most mammals, the forebrain nuclei of the basal ganglia are the most prominent subcortical telencephalic structures. This chapter discusses the general organization of the basal ganglia, covering its neuronal elements, synaptic connections, basic circuit, dendritic membrane properties, and functional operations.

Keywords: brain regions; synaptic connections; synaptic circuits; dendritic membrane properties

Chapter.  24279 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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