Chapter

Regulation and Funding of Research

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America

Published in print October 2006 | ISBN: 9780195159684
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864423 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0008
Regulation and Funding of Research

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This chapter examines the government's role in regulating and funding research. It traces the growth of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) into the largest single source of biomedical research support in the world with twenty-seven component institutes. NIH grants have funded a plethora of major medical advances since its creation in the 1930s with much current activity focused on the Human Genome Project, which mapped the human genetic code. Other important science funding agencies include the National Science Foundation, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and the Veterans Administration. Research involving human subjects is regulated by NIH's requirement that grant recipients establish Institutional Review Boards to review research protocols. Clinical trials of new drugs are subject to a similar requirement of the Food and Drug Administration. Perennial policy issues involve the allocation of funding between basic and applied research and the influence of politics on NIH funding priorities.

Keywords: research; biomedical; funding; National Institutes of Health; human subjects; genome; research grant; science

Chapter.  12973 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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