Awaiting the End of Time around the Turn of the Year 1000

Johannes Fried

in The Apocalyptic Year 1000

Published in print June 2003 | ISBN: 9780195161625
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849666 | DOI:
Awaiting the End of Time around the Turn of the Year 1000

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The Romantic and realist 19th century loved to paint those “terrors of the year 1000” in gaudy colors. One may argue that since the examples cited in this chapter derive from the period after the foreboding year 1000, they therefore fail to convey true premillennial fear. A single document that is comparable to the previously mentioned sources but dates from an earlier period survives. This document, a letter by a monk of Saint-Germain to a bishop of Verdun, indicates no fundamental change in behavior that might have resulted in the staying of a millennial judgment. Numerous contemporary commentators in the Burgundian-Lotharingian area around 960 understood the approaching, biblically significant interval of a thousand years since the birth of Christ as important and predictably identified the hitherto unknown Hungarians as the apocalyptic peoples of Gog and Magog.

Keywords: terrors; year 1000; document; letter; monk; Saint-Germain; bishop; Verdun; Hungarians; millennial judgment

Chapter.  25761 words. 

Subjects: East Asian Religions

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