Chapter

Rethinking the Prophetic Critique

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780195162639
Published online January 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199785254 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0003
                      Rethinking the Prophetic Critique

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This chapter reconsiders the biblical prophets’ attitude toward sacrifice, rejecting the radical contrast between priest and prophet as articulated by Max Weber, Wellhausen, and Kaufmann. It reviews various prophetic texts, including especially Amos, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel. It suggests that the prophets’ symbolic actions are analogous to rituals, and argues that the prophets’ ostensible rejection of sacrifice is based in part on their belief that many sacrifices were being offered by those whose property was unduly earned, being proceeds from the exploitation of the poor.

Keywords: priests; prophecy; Jeremiah; Ezekiel; theft; poverty; Max Weber; Julius Wellhausen; Yehezkel Kaufmann

Chapter.  13476 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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