Chapter

Temple as Cosmos or Temple in the Cosmos

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780195162639
Published online January 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199785254 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0005
 Temple as Cosmos or Temple in the Cosmos

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This chapter analyzes two distinct symbolic understandings of the Jerusalem temple and its rituals. It finds evidence for a belief in the temple as representing the cosmos in Josephus, Philo and rabbinic literature, and evidence for a belief that the earthly temple represents a heavenly sanctuary in the Pseudepigrapha, Dead Sea Scrolls, and other rabbinic sources. It attempts to identify one or another of these two symbolic understandings as the precursor of the other are rejected.

Keywords: cosmos; heaven; Josephus; Philo; Pseudepigrapha; Qumran; Rabbinic literature

Chapter.  18254 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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