Chapter

Psychiatric Models

Henry Szechtman and David Eilam

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

Published in print September 2004 | ISBN: 9780195162851
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199863891 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0043
 Psychiatric Models

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This chapter begins with a discussion of the conflicts associated with a rise of a biological psychiatry perspective on mental illness, suggesting that the current preeminence of this viewpoint has aligned clinical psychiatry with behavioral neuroscience for the source of much of its basic science knowledge. It then elaborates on the methods of behavioral neuroscience and shows how this methodology is in fact just what is needed to investigate mechanisms of mental disorders of interest to psychiatry. The chapter attempts to clear up some confusion revolving around the distinction between tests, models, and theories. Finally, it illustrates some of the discussed principles by examining a rat model of a psychiatric illness—obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Keywords: biological psychiatry; mental illness; behavioral neuroscience; rat model; obsessive-compulsive disorder

Chapter.  7636 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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