Chapter

Breakaway

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780195163438
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199788569 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0005
 Breakaway

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This chapter recounts the group of eight scientists' move from Shockley Semiconductor Labs to Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation, which was established under an agreement with Fairchild Camera and Instrument. A deal with IBM was key to the success of Fairchild Semiconductor. IBM wanted a transistor that could withstand high temperatures and that could switch quickly. By May 1958, the NPN transistor Moore's team had built for IBM was ready to move into production. By early summer, Fairchild Semiconductor had delivered its promised 100 devices to IBM.

Keywords: semiconductors; Fairchild Semiconductor; Fairchild Camera and Instrument; IBM; transistors

Chapter.  7133 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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