“Nothing That Is Necessary Is to Be Discouraged”


in Black and White Manhattan

Published in print November 2004 | ISBN: 9780195165371
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199871735 | DOI:
“Nothing That Is Necessary Is to Be Discouraged”

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This chapter tracks the project of colony building on Manhattan Island following the English takeover of the North American territory previously called New Netherland and renamed New York. It shows that the labor imperatives of colony building produced a pattern of widespread slave ownership. It adds that the colonization project on Manhattan Island, in town and in the surrounding countryside, resulted in a mixed system of labor that combined slavery indentured servitude, and wage labor and brought a diverse population from various birth places, religions, and languages to the island-peninsula.

Keywords: colony building; Manhattan Island; English rule; North America; New Netherland; New York; slavery

Chapter.  17684 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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