Chapter

Business Patterns and Digital Applications in the Transformation of the Wholesale and Retail Industries

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1

Published in print January 2004 | ISBN: 9780195165883
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199789672 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0010
 Business Patterns and Digital Applications in the Transformation of the Wholesale and Retail Industries

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This chapter describes how computers came into wholesale and retail industries, what applications they were used for, and the extent of their deployment by wholesalers and retailers across three periods of time from the 1950s to the present. It includes discussion of how computers were used in inventory control, accounting, point-of-sale applications, and applied universal product codes (UPC) and bar codes. It concludes with a discussion of retailing over the Internet (e-commerce).

Keywords: universal product codes; inventory management; point-of-sale; barcodes; Internet; e-commerce

Chapter.  16520 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Business History

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