Chapter

Empirical Methods in the Study of Performance

Eric Clarke

in Empirical Musicology

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780195167498
Published online May 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780199867707 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167498.003.0005
Empirical Methods in the Study of Performance

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This chapter surveys a wide range of methods that have been used in the empirical study of musical performance. Following a presentation of some of the landmarks in performance research over the past seventy years, it provides a detailed discussion of the ways in which performance attributes have been captured and measured from keyboard instruments using MIDI technology. Empirical definitions of expression in performance are considered, and an example is given of expressive performance research focused on a Chopin prelude. After a discussion of some of the limitations of MIDI, methods for the analysis of sound recordings are presented, featuring a discussion of a study of recordings of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony. The last two sections of the chapter tackle the analysis of body movement in performance, and computer-based modelling of performance expression. The chapter concludes with a critical discussion of the prospects for future performance research.

Keywords: performance; expression; MIDI; recordings; body movement; modelling; Beethoven's Ninth Symphon

Chapter.  12831 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ethnomusicology

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