Chapter

Genitive Case, Word Order in DP, and Objects of Non-Finite Verbs

Ian G. Roberts

in Principles and Parameters in a VSO Language

Published in print January 2005 | ISBN: 9780195168211
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199788453 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168211.003.0004

Series: Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax

 Genitive Case, Word Order in DP, and Objects of Non-Finite Verbs

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This chapter analyses the other principal instances of non-mutated argument DPs aside from the subject of the finite clause. The main purpose is to complete the picture of argument-licensing developed in Chapter 2 by analysing non-mutated objects of non-finite verbs. As preliminaries to this, two further issues are investigated: the Case/agreement properties of possessor DPs and the nature of the ‘verbal noun’. The first part of the chapter reports a fairly consensual view of the internal structure of the Welsh/Celtic DP, involving in particular the idea that N-initial DPs are derived by N-to-D movement. This leads to an analysis of possessive pronouns as agreement markers. The second part of the chapter analyses verbal nouns. These are taken to be participles, and a detailed comparison of these with Romance past participles follows. It is proposed that verbal nouns, unlike Romance participles, have no voice property. The ‘have’ auxiliary in Welsh is briefly analysed, adopting the approach in Kayne (1993).

Keywords: N-to-D movement; construct state; verbal noun; participle; possessive pronoun; have/be alternation

Chapter.  11357 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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