Chapter

Variation in Working Memory Due to Typical and Atypical Development

Christopher Jarrold and Donna M. Bayliss

in Variation in Working Memory

Published in print March 2008 | ISBN: 9780195168648
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199847297 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168648.003.0006
Variation in Working Memory Due to Typical and Atypical Development

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This chapter shows how studies of working memory performance in adults have shown that the ability to hold information in mind while manipulating or processing other material is a reliable predictor of a range of other skills. The finding that processing and storage constraints are independent of one another at both the level of individual and developmental differences has clear implications for existing theoretical accounts of complex span performance. However the factors that mediate the link between working memory measures and other cognitive skills must be a subset of those factors that constrain performance on working memory tasks. Determination of whether working memory problems are a cause or a consequence of an individual's learning difficulties is central to a proper understanding of the broader educational implications of such difficulties.

Keywords: working memory; complex span; cognitive skills; tasks; learning difficulties

Chapter.  17168 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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