Chapter

The Psychophysiology of Human Antisocial Behavior

Angela Scarpa and Adrian Raine

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780195168761
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865444 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0018
 							The Psychophysiology of Human Antisocial Behavior

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This chapter reviews the major psychophysiological findings and theories regarding antisocial behavior, with a specific focus on skin conductance (SC), heart rate (HR), electroencephalogram (EEG), and startle blink research. Psychophysiological findings in relation to antisocial behavior support the notion that chronic serious antisocial behavior is a disorder that partly arises from a biological dysfunction within the individual. The strongest evidence suggests that antisocial individuals are characterized by fearlessness or emotional detachment, reflected in reduced levels of tonic autonomic (i.e., HR and SC) arousal, increased heart rate variability (HRV), greater slow-wave EEG activity, and reduced startle blink potentiation to unpleasant stimuli. There is also growing evidence of other antisocial behavior characterized more by defensiveness, stress reactivity, and negative emotionality as reflected in decreased HRV, increased SC reactivity, normal or increased affective startle modulation, and left frontotemporal dysfunction.

Keywords: aggression; aggressive behavior; skin conductance; heart rate; electroencephalogram; startle blink research; stress reactivity; heart rate variability

Chapter.  10002 words. 

Subjects: Neuroscience

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